by: Dayak Girl (Lampung)
Dayak is a name of tribes that identifies the
various indigenous peoples on the island of Borneo by the Indonesian part known
as Kalimantan. They are divided into about 450 ethno-linguistic groups. Despite
some differences, these group share physical features, architecture, language,
an oral tradition, customs, social structure, weapons, agricultural technology
and a similar outlook on life.
Dayak population estimated at about four
million spread over the four Indonesian provinces in Kalimantan / Borneo, the
Malaysian territories of Sabah and Srawak and Brunei Darussalam. In Sabah, the
Dayak are known as Kadazandusun.
In the past, anthropologists described
the Dayak as the "legendary natives of Borneo" who lived in longhouse and
engaged in head-hunting. Today, they form a small minority, the loser in an era
of swift change and modernization.
The original Dayak identity their cultural,
economic, religious and political life has been preserved through their oral
tradition. Experts agree that there are many basic affinitives in the legends of
the various Dayak groups. Sadly, though, all the original elements of Dayak life
as described in the legends have suffered significantly from external
Bawikuwu Dance of Dayak Kenyah, Kalimantan Timur